Proceedings of International Conference on Industrial and Technology Education for 21st Century in East Asia, pp.305-312, Cheonan, Korea (2004)

An Analysis of Classroom Activities based on 
the State Transitions of Verbal Communication 
in Technology Education

|A Case of Classroom Activities for Electric Circuit Learning|


Kazuhiro Sumi Jun Moriyama & Masashi Matsuura


The purpose of this study is to analyze classroom activities based on the state transitions of verbal communication in technology education. For this purpose, transition patterns were examined in classroom activities in which 8th grade students learned about electric circuit. The process of verbal communication between teacher and students was classified into 12 categories, which is defined by the modified C-type Taxonomy of Interactive Verbal Communication. Also, the transition patterns in this classroom were extracted from the sequence of these categories by using Markov chains. As a result, three types of transition patterns were found as follows:
          1) The transition pattern based on teacherfs question and studentsf answers
          2) The transition pattern based on teacherfs instruction and studentsf work
          3) The transition pattern based on studentsf responses and teacherfs additional explanation
     From these patterns, it was suggested that there were two types of interactions in the technology classroom, i.e. verbal communication between teacher and students and the interactions between students and technological objects.

Keywords: Technology Education, Analysis of Classroom Activities, State Transition, And Verbal Communication